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GIT Tutorial
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Initializing a New Repository

Git is a powerful version control system that allows developers to track changes in their codebase efficiently. One of the first steps in using Git is initializing a new repository. In this guide, we’ll explore the process of creating a new Git repository from scratch.

Why Initialize a New Repository?

Initializing a new repository is the starting point for version controlling your project. It enables Git to track changes, maintain a history of revisions, and collaborate seamlessly with others. Whether you’re working on a solo project or part of a team, a well-managed Git repository is essential for efficient development.

Step-by-Step Guide to Initializing a New Git Repository

1. Open Your Terminal

To get started, open your terminal or command prompt. Git commands are typically executed through the command line interface.

2. Navigate to Your Project Directory

Use the ‘cd’ command to navigate to the directory where you want to initialize the new Git repository.

cd /path/to/your/project
3. Initialize the Repository

Now, initiate the Git repository using the following command:

git init

This command creates a new hidden directory named ‘.git’ in your project, which will store all the configuration files and metadata for your repository.

4. Add Your Files

Before making your first commit, add the files you want to track to the staging area. You can add all files using:

git add .

Or add specific files:

git add file1 file2
5. Make Your Initial Commit

Committing is like taking a snapshot of your project at a specific point in time. Execute the following command to make your initial commit:

git commit -m "Initial commit"

Replace “Initial commit” with a meaningful commit message that describes the changes you made.