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GIT Tutorial
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Creating a Git Repository

Git, a powerful version control system, plays a pivotal role in modern software development. Creating a Git repository is a fundamental skill that every developer should master. In this guide, we’ll delve into the step-by-step process of establishing a Git repository from scratch.

What is a Git Repository?

Before we jump into the creation process, let’s clarify what a Git repository is. In simple terms, a Git repository, or repo, is a storage location where your project’s files and their revision history are stored. It allows multiple developers to collaborate seamlessly, track changes, and maintain a coherent codebase.

Step 1: Installing Git

If Git isn’t already installed on your system, the first step is to install it. Visit the official Git website (https://git-scm.com/) and follow the installation instructions for your operating system.

Step 2: Initializing a New Repository

Navigate to the root directory of your project using the command line and run the following command to initialize a new Git repository:

git init

This command creates a hidden subfolder within your project that houses the internal data structure required for version control.

Step 3: Adding Files to the Repository

Once the repository is initialized, you need to add your project files to it. Use the following command to add all files to the staging area:

git add .

This command stages all changes, preparing them for the next commit.

Step 4: Making Your First Commit

Committing is a crucial aspect of version control. After adding files to the staging area, commit them to the repository with a meaningful message using the following command:

git commit -m "Initial commit"

Step 5: Creating a Remote Repository (Optional)

To collaborate with others or back up your project, consider creating a remote repository on platforms like GitHub, GitLab, or Bitbucket. Follow their respective guidelines to set up a remote repository and link it to your local repository.